Updated: Rails3 Custom Environment Variables

Posted by Jason Noble on 12/03/2011 in ruby on rails |

A while back, I wrote a blog post on adding custom environment variables to Rails3.

This has gotten much easier with a change made by Jose Valim back in March.

The change allows you to create your own custom configuration variables like so:

[ruby]
# config/environments/development.rb
Demo::Application.configure do
[…]
config.json_url = "http://www.domain.com"
[…]
end
[/ruby]

[ruby]
# config/environments/test.rb
Demo::Application.configure do
[…]
config.json_url = "http://test.domain.com"
[…]
end
[/ruby]

This allows you to add any configuration variables you want to your Rails app. What if you have a bunch of configuration values? You don’t want to pollute your config.* namespace. Wouldn’t it be helpful to have config.my_app.json_url and config.my_app.other_url?

That’s easy enough:

[ruby]
# config/environments/application.rb
Demo::Application.configure do
config.my_app = ActiveSupport::OrderedOptions.new
end
[/ruby]

[ruby]
# config/environments/development.rb
Demo::Application.configure do
[…]
config.my_app.json_url = "http://www.domain.com"
[…]
end
[/ruby]

[ruby]
# config/environments/test.rb
Demo::Application.configure do
[…]
config.my_app.json_url = "http://test.domain.com"
[…]
end
[/ruby]

Now you can do the following in the Rails console:

[ruby]
$ rails console
>> Demo::Application.config.my_app.json_url
"http://www.domain.com"
>>
[/ruby]

[ruby]
$ rails console test
>> Demo::Application.config.my_app.json_url
"http://test.domain.com"
>>
[/ruby]

Now your Rails application will have access to all the configuration you need.

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